The "Big Five": this expression commonly used by Tour Operators and drivers / guides, was originally invented by big game hunters in Africa.
These 5 mammals were the most prized of these trophy hunters who saw them only as a target in the sights of their rifles. Today they are unfortunately still victims of poaching.
These animals are not the biggest but the most difficult to hunt, that's why the leopard is on the listed and not the hippo.

Serengeti plains


Lion is the largest of the cats and is almost white to deep ochre brown in colour with tawny yellow being the most common colour. They grow thick woolly manes that vary widely in length and colour. Their tails are long, often with a dark tip.
The roars of both sexes can be heard at night from up to 8 km away. This roaring advertises the position of Lions. Group roaring identifies a prides presence and unity, and it discourages other Lion from entering territory previously occupied by other pride.
Male lion weigh up 260 kg and have a shoulder height of up to 130 cm. Their preferred prey weights 45 to 300 kg. Gestation period is 100-113 days.

Lion in Serengeti plains Lion Mtoto Ndutu


Leopard is solitary (except when mating) and nocturnal animals that live in broken terrain away from Lions, Hyenas and People.
Thus, the visitor is more likely to see their kill hanging in a tree in their “larders” before seeing them.
They are the largest of the spotted cats, with black or brown rosettes on the back and upper limbs. Between their variably spaced rosettes, they are deep orange to tawny brown in colour.
Leopard weight up to 90 kg and measure about 250 cm in length from the tip of their nose to their tail. Gestation period is 90 up to 95 days.
The best place to see Leopard is Serengeti National Park.

Lion Lion Mtoto


The rhinoceros is a prehistoric animal whose forebears date back many millions of years. It is the second largest animal in Africa after the Elephant.
The Black and the white rhinoceros are related and their skin is similar grey in colour. In fact, black rhinoceroses are now called Browse Rhinoceros and White Rhinoceroses are called Grass Rhinoceros.
Gestation period is 547 up to 578 days. The best place to see Rhino is Ngorongoro crater.

Rhino Ngorongoro Rhino Mtoto


The buffalo is one of the animals very dangerous, their live up to 100,000 herds. A Buffalo can weigh up to 850 kg and grow to 170 cm in height.
They have thick, bossed horns and drooping, tasselled areas. the horns carried by both sexes, and the intervening boss set between the horns, are used to bludgeon a victim.
Gestation period is 300 up to 330 days. Buffalos usual are every where in the National Parks.

Buffalo Buffalo


African Elephants that live in the wild have a life expectancy of up to 60 years. They stop growing at about 20 to 25 years of age.
No living animal exceeds the elephant in height at the shoulder. Exception bull elephant can weigh over 6 tonnes while females tip the scales at about two–third of this amount.
Bulls usually join the herd only when a female is in oestrus. Thereafter, they rejoin the male herds or remain on their own.
Gestation period is 22 up to 24 months.
The Tarangire National Park is home for the Elephants some times up 150 together.

Elephant Elephant Mtoto